Today we are going to talk about a type of writing that is currently considered a literary genre as well as poetry, drama or fiction.

As a whole, there is a structure or format that must be fulfilled when writing an essay. In turn this scheme must have certain parts to be considered as such.

Still do not have very clear the difference between one type and another work?

Have you considered writing an essay but you are inundated with doubts about how to do it?

If you have answered affirmatively to any of the two questions, undoubtedly, this article will be very useful.

What is an essay?

According to the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), an essay is

“A writing in which an author develops his ideas without the need to show the learned apparatus”.

With such a definition, we may not be very clear about the concept.

An essay is a type of writing that exposes a series of arguments and reflections on a specific topic of great interest to the author.

Its purpose is to express your own opinion based on research and personal knowledge and, depending on the type of essay, you can also seek a conviction in the reader.

Another simpler and clearer definition is that an essay is a free writing.

This means that the subject dealt with in said writing can be free and personal, each author will choose the one that interests him most.

Why is it interesting to write an essay?

Because it allows the author to express his ideas and opinions without having to worry about using a predefined rigid structure or having to document exhaustively what counts.

How many types of tests are there?

There are three types of tests:

  • Expository
  • Argumentative
  • Critical
  • The reality is that they all encompass the same concept since it is about exposing an idea based on certain arguments and investigations, adding also some criticism. In all the trials, a specific topic is judged.

I want to write an essay. Where do I start?

The first thing is to be very clear about the topic we want to expose.

Make your own Brainstorming

It is possible that there are several ideas that rush through our minds and we would like to give our opinion in an essay. How to choose then?

Brainstorming is one of the best personal tools we have.

To be effective, keep in mind the following steps:

  • Ideas
  • Write down all the ideas likely to be the protagonists of your essay
  • Screen
  • Now the sieve begins. Read them all and reflect on them, surely not all are equally important to you.
  • Knowledge
  • Evaluate your knowledge: Of all the ones you have written down, what would you say you have more knowledge and information about?
  • Investigation
  • You have reached the last step. The investigation will be a key piece to complete your essay
  • Once this process is over, the time has come to enter the field and start writing, but before …

What are the parts in which an essay is divided?

Although as we said before, an essay is a free writing that is not subjected to rigid rules, especially in regard to its writing, it is important before starting to write respect a classic common structure:

  • Introduction
  • Developing
  • conclusion
  • Annexes
  • Let’s describe in detail each of them …

1 INTRODUCTION

What should be clear in the introduction of an essay?

Fundamentally two things:

  • The presentation of the topic that will be addressed
  • The way it will be focused by the author
  • Think that an essay is like starting to read a novel, if you have not got hooked on the first page, you probably do not keep reading it.

You must expose the subject in a way that gets the attention of the reader and feel like continuing reading until the end.

In this first part you must show not only the topic, but also your position on it, your opinion. This will be the best way to empathize with your audience.

For example, an argumentative essay will present a thesis in the introduction that we will try to defend throughout the development with objective and subjective options.

If it were a scientific essay, we would have to present a theory or hypothesis that offers the solution to a problem and then defend it by providing 100% objective tests and options.

2 BODY DEVELOPMENT

This part will cover the main content of the essay, the arguments that will make grow the main idea exposed in the introduction.

Once you have captured the reader’s attention with an idea of interest, the next step will be to argue and pose certain related questions, based on other sources that can be: books, magazines, interviews, digital media, etc.

The development of the body, will be the most extensive part of the essay, represents 80% of it, so it will be necessary to summarize all the relevant information that we want to expose. Not being extensive should be heavy, we have to try to liven it up as much as possible.

Also the development, it is the moment to give form to our opinions and personal valuations on the subject

It is important that all the ideas you present are intertwined so that there is coherence.

Following with the previous examples …

If it were a scientific essay, the development would show the evidence that certifies the hypothesis presented in the introduction. Different theories, bibliography, evidence, etc, everything fits in this part.

If it were an argumentative essay, it will touch us in the development, defend the initial thesis based on our own opinion and experience as well as in other related, dismantling contrary arguments.

3 CONCLUSION

The conclusion will be the final part of your essay that will serve to reinforce the idea presented above.

In this part, the most relevant arguments presented will be summarized on the one hand, and on the other, we will make clear what our final position is.

The conclusion should be brief and concise. It is the part in which you reaffirm yourself from everything said.

Let’s imagine that the essay occupies a page. In this case the conclusion will be three or four lines. If it was more extensive reaching 20 pages, a conclusion of possibly two or three pages will be needed.

In a scientific essay, the conclusion definitively reaffirms the theory or hypothesis of the introduction.

In an argumentative one, the main ideas that we want will be recorded in the mind of the reader.

ANNEXES

Most of the essays include at the end of the book a bibliography, a resource section and / or some annexes where the reader can expand the information or contrast it.

EXAMPLE OF THE INDEX OF CONTENTS OF A TEST:

  • Introduction: presentation of the central theme or hypothesis that will be addressed, how it came to it or why, and the author’s position and opinion on it.
  • Angle or Argument # 1: present and refute it with research, interviews, cases, etc.
  • Angle or Argument # 2. Idem
  • Angle or Argument # 3: Idem

Examples of trials

We have finished the theory of how to create your own essay and I hope to have clarified concepts with this post. In any case, I like to apply the principle of:

Test example on global warming
(by Orlando Cáceres)

The phenomenon of global warming must be a matter of concern for the governments of all countries. What is this phenomenon and why is it serious? It is about the increase of the average temperature, in the whole planet. This includes the terrestrial atmosphere and that of the oceans.

There is enough scientific evidence that shows that the temperature is increasing, and that, most serious, the result of this increase is the man and his multiple activities that have only deteriorated the environment.

Climate change and the greenhouse effect are not consequences of nature. It is the result of the disproportionate activity of the human being, destroying precisely that nature.

Technology advances in gigantic steps, in most disciplines of human science. But has that progress been beneficial to take care of our home?

Why is not the production, for example, of electric and ecological cars promoted on a larger scale? There is, in simple words, a clear lack of will on the part of business groups and also on the part of governments.

While all this panorama continues, due attention will not be given to global warming and its multiple consequences on the environment.